Thomas Dutton appears, according to the poster of rectors in the church, to have been the incumbent for an infeasibly long time. There’s confusion, because there were actually four Dutton rectors in a row.
- Johannes Dutton or John Dutton: 1602-01-18
- Thomas Dutton: 1603-01-18
- Teodorus Dutton or Theodore Dutton: 1642-01-26
- Jacobus Dutton or James Dutton: 1681-02-02..1699-04-01
CCED definitely shows that John and Thomas were two separate people; this doesn’t seem to be a case of confusion between old style and new style dates.
The Duttons were in office during the civil war and the Commonwealth that followed, when religious matters were in great confusion. Many priests in England – somewhat more than half of the total – were thrown out of their churches in this period, losing their living, their property and often their liberty. Their families suffered great distress. Eversholt was in an area of the country which notionally supported the Rounhead side and so perhaps would be treated more leniently than otherwise, but quite what happened to the rector is unclear. A good general description can be found in The parish registers and records in the diocese of Rochester : a summary of information collected by the Ecclesiatical Records Committee of the Rochester Diocesan Conference, W E Buckland, Kent Archaeological Society, 1912, available for free at https://archive.org/details/parishregistersr00chur on page 9.
Normal service was resumed on the restoration of Charles II in 1660.
The parish register of burials (which one might expect to have a pretty good idea of who was rector and when they died) says that:
|Dutton, James||s. Thomas, of Eversholt, Beds, pleb. Balliol Coll., matric. 15 June, 1632, aged 17; B.A. 20 Oct., 1635, M.A. 2 June, 1638, perhaps vicar of Eversholt, Beds, 1681-99, baptized there 3 Jan., 1612, brother of John 1634, and Theodore. See Foster’s Index Ecclesiasticus.|
|Dutton, Theodore||s. Thomas, of Eversholt, Beds, pleb. Balliol Coll., matric. 15 June, 1632, aged 17; B.A. 20 Oct., 1635, M.A. 17 Dec., 1638, rector Eversholt 1651-80, baptized there 3 Jan., 1612, and buried 21 Oct., 1680, brother of James 1632, of John 1634, and Thomas 1626. See Foster’s Index Ecclesiasticus.|
|Dutton, John||s. Thomas, of Eversholt, Beds, sacerd. Merton Coll., matric. 10 Oct., 1634, aged 18; B.A. 9 June, 1635, M.A. 9 April, 1638, baptized at Eversholt 31 March, 1611, perhaps vicar of Dartford, Kent, 1652, brother of James 1632, and of Theodore. See Foster’s Index Ecclesiasticus.|
|Dutton, Thomas||s. Thomas, of Eversholt, Beds, sacerd. Merton Coll., matric. 20 Jan., 1625-6, aged 18; B.A. 3 Dec., 1628, M.A. 5 July, 1632, his father compounded for the first fruits of the rectory of Eversholt 28 Jan., 1602-3. See Foster’s Index Ecclesiasticus.|
I can’t find these people in index ecclesisasticus.